|Heart Disease: New Abstracts|
Chronic Intake of a Phytochemical-Enriched Diet Reduces Cardiac Fibrosis and Diastolic Dysfunction Caused by Prolonged Salt-Sensitive HypertensionE. M. Seymour, Andrew A. M. Singer, Maurice R. Bennink, Rushi V. Parikh, Ara Kirakosyan, Peter B. Kaufman and Steven F. Bolling
1 Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University, East Lansing.
Address correspondence to Steven F. Bolling, MD, B560 MSRB2 0686, 1150 W. Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109. E-mail: email@example.com .
Salt-sensitive hypertension is common in the aged population. Increased fruit and vegetable intake reduces hypertension, but its effect on eventual diastolic dysfunction is unknown. This relationship is tested in the Dahl Salt-Sensitive (Dahl-SS) rat model of salt-sensitive hypertension and diastolic dysfunction. Table grape powder contains phytochemicals that are relevant to human diets. For 18 weeks, male Dahl-SS rats were fed one of five diets: low salt (LS), a low salt + grape powder (LSG), high salt (HS), a high salt + grape powder (HSG), or high salt + vasodilator hydralazine (HSH). Compared to the HS diet, the HSG diet lowered blood pressure and improved cardiac function; reduced systemic inflammation; reduced cardiac hypertrophy, fibrosis, and oxidative damage; and increased cardiac glutathione. The HSH diet similarly reduced blood pressure but did not reduce cardiac pathogenesis. The LSG diet reduced cardiac oxidative damage and increased cardiac glutathione. In conclusion, physiologically relevant phytochemical intake reduced salt-sensitive hypertension and diastolic dysfunction.
Key Words: Heart failure • Diet • Fruits • Vegetables